Both Hand Gestures:-




Mudras are basically hand gestures which are used during dance performance to express the inner feelings rather the meaning of that particular performance. These hand gestures are divided into two parts-

  • Asamyukta mudras (Single Hand Gestures)
  • Samyukta Mudras     (Double or Both Hand Gestures)

Here’s some examples of Single Hand Gestures or Asamyukta Mudras.

Ghungroo in Bharatnatyam Dance

The most important thing in Bharatnatyam or any other Indian Classical Dance is the pair of Anklets or Ghungroos. These Musical Anklets are tied to the feet of the Dancers. Ghungroos help to make noticeable and audible the rhythmic footwork of dancers. A pair of anklets shows its beauty more when dancers make complex footwork. 71u3u-fkCNL._SL1400_

Ghungroos are worn exactly above the ankle. A string of Ghungroo usually consists of 25 (twenty five) to 200 (two hundred) bells knotted together. A beginner child dancer starts with 25 bells in a string and gradually adds more as the trainee grows up and gets habituated with the same. The sound of the Ghungroo depends on the size and the numbers of the bells. Ghunghru4

Ghungroos are worn only  at the time of practice and performance. For Dancers ghungroos are worthy of veneration.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Bharatnatyam Costume

There are two popular styles which are known as Bharatnatyam Costumes –

  • Saree style
  • pajama style

In Saree style female dancers wear  knee length saree with blouse and fitting pajama.


Saree style

Pajama style consists of several pieces of cloth-

  • Blouse
  • Pajama
  • Pleated Pallu
  • Hip Guard
  • Small Fan
  • Big Fan

Blouse is for the upper part and pajama for the lower part. with pajama dancers add Big Fan and Hip Guard along with Small Fan. They drape the pleated pallu over bosom. This costume is easier to wear and carry while dancing.

The pieces of pajama costume are made of silk cloth, embroidered with threads of pure Gold.

Male dancers usually wear “Dhoti” for lower body and don’t wear any upper garment. Their dresses are also made of silk along with needle work. They wear less ornaments than that of female dancers.


The set of jewellery  that Bharatnatyam dancers wear during their performance is known as Temple Jewellery. They wear bangels on wrists, Armlets on upper arms,


A piece of Armlet

 rings on fingers and also nose pins  to enhance their appearance. Women make “veni” or braid with their hair and cover the braid with artificial or original flower. Sometimes they cover their bun with flower and fix  a headpiece on the bun. “surya-chndra” or sun and moon are fixed on either side; generally  “sun” is fixed on the right side and “moon” is on the other side as head represents  the heaven. In the middle of the head women dancers wear “Tikli” which is connected with “Tayra”. The ear ornaments consist of three pieces –  “thodu” which fits on ear lobs; “jhumko” hangs from the thodu and a chain or “maatal” which stays connected with side part of the head.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

They also wear necklaces; generally they wear two type of necklaces- a small one and a long a one which is known as Chandrahar“. and finally dancers fix a belt on their waist.


Waist -belt


A set of Temple Jewellery